Vermont was initially settled in the early 18th century by both the British and the French, and conflict between the two nations continued until the French defeat in the French and Indian War, after which the land was ceded to England. During the American Revolution, Vermont declared independence from the original 13 colonies, although the Continental Congress refused to recognize them.
Vermont was finally admitted to the union in 1790 as the 14th state, after 14 years as an independent republic. The name of the state is derived from “montagne verte”, the French green mountain, which gives rise to the state’s nickname “Green Mountain State”. Today, the mountains of Vermont are a popular destination for skiers and snowboarders.
It is the largest maple syrup producer in the country and is home to the popular Ben & Jerry’s ice cream.
Vermont is a small but diverse state located in the northeastern United States, bordered by Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, and New York to the west. It is also bordered by Quebec, Canada to the north. The landscape of Vermont is characterized by rolling hills, lush forests, and many rivers and lakes.
The Green Mountains are Vermont’s most prominent geographic feature; they stretch across the center of the state from east to west, with Mount Mansfield being its highest peak at 4393 feet. These mountains divide Vermont into two distinct regions: northern and southern. The northern region consists of higher elevation terrain with many ski resorts and hiking trails. The southern region is flatter with more farmland and open spaces.
The Connecticut River forms much of Vermont’s western border with New York State; it runs through some of Vermont’s most picturesque towns such as Brattleboro, Bellows Falls, and White River Junction. Along this river you can find some of Vermont’s most popular recreational activities such as fishing, kayaking, canoeing and swimming in its various lakes and ponds.
Vermont has a humid continental climate that varies depending on elevation; summers can be hot while winters are cold with plenty of snowfall due to frequent Nor’easters that come off the Atlantic Ocean. This climate makes it ideal for outdoor recreation such as skiing or snowboarding during winter months while enjoying milder weather during spring or summer months for activities like hiking or biking through its many forests and trails.
Vermont is home to a number of protected areas including National Parks like Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park in Woodstock or Green Mountain National Forest in Rutland County which offers amazing views from Mount Mansfield or Camel’s Hump State Park which features one of Vermont’s highest peaks at 4083 feet above sea level along with miles of hiking trails throughout its forests and meadows.
Vermont may be small but its geography is diverse offering everything from mountains for skiing to rivers for fishing making it an ideal destination for outdoor enthusiasts all year round.
Cities in Vermont
Below are the top 15 cities by population in Vermont. For all cities and towns in the state, please see Vermont cities list.
Counties in Vermont
The State of Vermont consists of 14 counties. They are:
- Addison County, Vermont
- Bennington County, Vermont
- Caledonia County, Vermont
- Chittenden County, Vermont
- Essex County, Vermont
- Franklin County, Vermont
- Grand Isle County, Vermont
- Lamoille County, Vermont
- Orange County, Vermont
- Orleans County, Vermont
- Rutland County, Vermont
- Washington County, Vermont
- Windham County, Vermont
- Windsor County, Vermont