South Carolina (SC)

SOUTH CAROLINA STATE FLAG

South Carolina was colonized by the English in 1670 and became the eighth state to ratify the United States Constitution in 1788. The early economy was largely agricultural, taking advantage of the area’s fertile soil, and plantation farmers relied on the slave trade for cheap labor to maximize their profits.

By 1730, people of African descent made up two-thirds of the colony’s population. South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union in 1861 and was the site of the first shots of the Civil War – the shelling of federally held Fort Sumter by Confederate troops on April 12, 1861.

Today, the South Carolina coastline near Myrtle Beach has developed into one of the top resort destinations on the East Coast and is home to more than 100 golf courses.

Famous South Carolinians include musicians James Brown, Chubby Checker and Dizzy Gillespie, novelist Pat Conroy, boxer Joe Frazier, tennis champion Althea Gibson, politician Jesse Jackson and long-serving U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond.

Geography

South Carolina is a state in the southeastern United States, bordered by North Carolina to the north, Georgia to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. It is approximately 300 miles long and 200 miles wide, with a total area of over 32,000 square miles. The state’s terrain is mostly low-lying coastal plains with rolling hills in the northwest and mountains in the upstate region.

The coastal plain covers most of South Carolina’s eastern portion, extending from near Myrtle Beach on the north to Hilton Head Island on the south. This region is home to many sandy beaches along its almost 200-mile coastline. The landscape consists of flat stretches of land broken up by salt marshes, wetlands, rivers and creeks. Inland from this region are pine forests and swamps that transition into hardwood forests as one moves further inland.

The Piedmont Region is located in central South Carolina and covers about one-third of the state’s total area. This area features rolling hills with some low mountain ranges including Table Rock Mountain near Pickens and Sassafras Mountain near Clemson. The Piedmont also contains several large rivers such as the Catawba River which flows through Charlotte before it empties into Lake Wylie at Rock Hill.

The Appalachian Mountains form a natural boundary between South Carolina’s western border with Georgia and North Carolina’s northern border with Tennessee. The Blue Ridge Mountains are a major part of this mountain range which includes peaks like Sassafras Mountain at 3,553 feet high near Pickens County and Caesars Head at 3,208 feet high near Greenville County.

South Carolina has many lakes throughout its interior regions including Lake Marion in Berkeley County which is one of South Carolina’s largest lakes at over 110 square miles in size; Lake Hartwell near Anderson; Lake Jocassee near Pickens; and Lake Murray near Columbia which was created by damming up Saluda River for hydroelectric power generation purposes in 1930.

South Carolina has a humid subtropical climate with hot and humid summers and mild winters. The average temperature ranges from 40 degrees Fahrenheit in January to 80 degrees Fahrenheit in July. The state has an average annual precipitation of 46 inches, most of which falls during the summer months.

South Carolina is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. Some of the more common plants found throughout the state include pine trees, oak trees, magnolias, azaleas, and dogwoods. Common wildlife species include white-tailed deer, wild turkeys, black bears, raccoons, opossums, armadillos, and various species of birds..

Cities in South Carolina

Below are the top 15 cities by population in South Carolina. For all cities and towns in the state, please see South Carolina cities list.

Rank City Population
1 Charleston 147,928
2 Columbia 137,276
3 North Charleston 114,542
4 Mount Pleasant 88,900
5 Rock Hill 72,883
6 Greenville 69,725
7 Summerville 50,318
8 Goose Creek 44,502
9 Sumter 42,920
10 Florence 39,816
11 Hilton Head Island 38,068
12 Spartanburg 37,990
13 Greer 35,151
14 Myrtle Beach 35,116
15 Aiken 31,516

Counties in South Carolina

The State of South Carolina consists of 46 counties. They are:

  1. Abbeville County, South Carolina
  2. Aiken County, South Carolina
  3. Allendale County, South Carolina
  4. Anderson County, South Carolina
  5. Bamberg County, South Carolina
  6. Barnwell County, South Carolina
  7. Beaufort County, South Carolina
  8. Berkeley County, South Carolina
  9. Calhoun County, South Carolina
  10. Charleston County, South Carolina
  11. Cherokee County, South Carolina
  12. Chester County, South Carolina
  13. Chesterfield County, South Carolina
  14. Clarendon County, South Carolina
  15. Colleton County, South Carolina
  16. Darlington County, South Carolina
  17. Dillon County, South Carolina
  18. Dorchester County, South Carolina
  19. Edgefield County, South Carolina
  20. Fairfield County, South Carolina
  21. Florence County, South Carolina
  22. Georgetown County, South Carolina
  23. Greenville County, South Carolina
  24. Greenwood County, South Carolina
  25. Hampton County, South Carolina
  26. Horry County, South Carolina
  27. Jasper County, South Carolina
  28. Kershaw County, South Carolina
  29. Lancaster County, South Carolina
  30. Laurens County, South Carolina
  31. Lee County, South Carolina
  32. Lexington County, South Carolina
  33. Marion County, South Carolina
  34. Marlboro County, South Carolina
  35. McCormick County, South Carolina
  36. Newberry County, South Carolina
  37. Oconee County, South Carolina
  38. Orangeburg County, South Carolina
  39. Pickens County, South Carolina
  40. Richland County, South Carolina
  41. Saluda County, South Carolina
  42. Spartanburg County, South Carolina
  43. Sumter County, South Carolina
  44. Union County, South Carolina
  45. Williamsburg County, South Carolina
  46. York County, South Carolina

SOUTH CAROLINA STATE FLAG