To delve into the concept of physical culture, it is convenient to first define the terms that make up the expression. The idea of culture, in this framework, can refer to the knowledge that enables the understanding of a subject and the formation of a critical judgment. Physical or physical, meanwhile, can refer to the body.
Physical culture, therefore, encompasses knowledge about sports and gymnastics that allow the full development of the body ‘s capabilities. The notion is also linked to the practice of these activities that pursue the aforementioned development.
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Habits related to body care are also part of physical culture, which allows health to be preserved in all its dimensions. A person with knowledge of physical culture understands the value of sports activity and has the necessary tools to achieve well-being.
Beyond gymnastics and sports that help combat a sedentary lifestyle, notions of nutrition are also included in physical culture. Choosing food consciously is a very important part of taking care of the body: those who only eat junk food will not enjoy a healthy state even if they practice sports every day.
A widely used synonym of physical culture is physical education, a name given in many countries to the school subject that focuses on physical exercises, that is, gymnastics. In this area, physical culture is one of the factors that divides students, stigmatizing some for their lack of ability or motor problems.
The imposition of these activities during childhood and adolescence with the pressure to exceed certain goals to receive a sufficient grade is pure torture for millions of children whose bodies are not in shape. Teasing, both by students and teachers, destroys their self-esteem and pushes them to avoid physical exercises at all costs, while they worsen their eating habits to calm the anxiety caused by humiliation.
However, if physical culture is properly taught in schools, it can be very beneficial for everyone, especially for those students whose health is not optimal. Precisely, the objectives of this subject are, among others, to prepare the individual to take responsibility for their own habits and customs as far as the health of their organism is concerned.
Some studies have shown that certain heart diseases manifest from birth to two years of age and often last until almost twenty years; If during these two decades of development the person does not acquire adequate habits to maintain their health and physical condition, the chances of suffering from obesity or high blood pressure in adulthood increase.
Regarding the history of physical culture, it goes back to prehistory; In its early days, people did physical exercise as part of their daily routine and this served to survive. Already in Classical Greece, these principles became more sophisticated and were applied to the training of men of action. The Spartans tried to combine this profile with that of the sage through a program that received the name “Palestral”.
It is called bodybuilding or bodybuilding, on the other hand, the sports or gymnastic practice aimed at excessive development of the muscles. In this case, knowledge and physical activity are aimed at muscle hypertrophy for aesthetic or competitive purposes. Many bodybuilders resort to the use of steroids to increase muscle mass, a decision that implies a risk for the organism.