Louisiana (LA)


Louisiana is located above the Gulf of Mexico at the mouth of the Mississippi River, bordered by Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and Texas to the west. Originally colonized by the French in the 18th century, it became a U.S. territory as part of the historic Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and was admitted to the union in 1812.

The capital of Louisiana is Baton Rouge. It is also home to the historic port city of New Orleans, which is famous for its unique cuisine, jazz, and spectacular Mardi Gras festival.


Louisiana is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and Texas to the west. Louisiana is home to over 4.6 million people and covers a total area of 51,843 square miles. It is the 31st largest state in size and 25th in population.

The geography of Louisiana is diverse and includes coastal wetlands, pine forests, swamps, bayous, prairies and delta regions. The state has three distinct geographic regions: North Louisiana (consisting of upland hills and valleys), Central Louisiana (which includes rolling hills and lowlands) and South Louisiana (characterized by flat plains).

The northern portion of Louisiana consists mainly of upland pine forests that are interspersed with creeks, rivers and bayous. This region also contains some lowland areas such as the Red River Valley. The central part of the state contains rolling hills that are interspersed with swamps, bogs and wetlands that are home to various types of wildlife including alligators, snakes and birds.

The most notable feature in South Louisiana is the Mississippi River Delta which covers much of this region’s landscape. This delta region contains numerous swamps, marshlands, bayous and lakes which provide habitat for many species of birds as well as other wildlife such as nutria rats, muskrats and beavers. The Mississippi River also forms an important part of this delta region as it provides transportation routes for goods from all over the world into New Orleans where it meets up with Lake Pontchartrain near its mouth at Gulfport Bayou Chico.

Louisiana’s climate is generally mild throughout most parts of the state except for its subtropical climate along its coastal areas where temperatures can reach high levels during summer months due to high humidity levels from its proximity to bodies of water like Lake Pontchartrain or Gulfport Bayou Chico. Winters tend to be milder here than other parts due to its location near warm waters from these bodies or water or from nearby gulfs like those off Galveston Island in Texas or Mobile Bay off Alabama’s Gulf Coastline

Overall, Louisiana features a unique blend of natural formations ranging from coastal wetlands to prairies that provide habitat for a wide variety of wildlife species while providing humans with recreational opportunities such as fishing or hunting expeditions along its many waterways or birdwatching along its coastal wetlands during springtime migrations seasons when thousands upon thousands flock here each year making it one truly spectacular place.

Cities in Louisiana

Below are the top 15 cities by population in Louisiana. For all cities and towns in the state, please see Louisiana cities list.

New Orleans is the largest and most famous of the cities in Louisiana, known for its vibrant culture, world-renowned cuisine, and rich history. It is home to iconic French Quarter architecture and Mardi Gras festivities, as well as numerous museums and other attractions. The city also has a thriving music scene, with jazz clubs, blues bars, and live music venues scattered throughout its neighborhoods. New Orleans is often considered the birthplace of jazz music and is known as the “Big Easy” due to its laid-back atmosphere.

Baton Rouge is the state capital of Louisiana and a bustling college town. Home to Louisiana State University (LSU), it has a vibrant college-town atmosphere with numerous restaurants, shops, bars, and nightlife options. It also has many outdoor activities such as kayaking on the Mississippi River or visiting one of its many parks. Baton Rouge also boasts an impressive selection of museums including the Old State Capitol building which houses artifacts from Louisiana’s history.

Shreveport is located in northwest Louisiana near the Arkansas border. It’s known for its casinos, nightlife scene, live entertainment venues such as Sam’s Town Casino & Hotel or Eldorado Resort Casino Shreveport which host concerts by popular artists throughout the year. Shreveport also offers plenty of outdoor activities such as hiking trails at Betty Virginia Park or fishing at Cross Lake. The city also boasts some unique attractions like R.W Norton Art Gallery which features works from all over Louisiana and beyond or Splash Kingdom Waterpark where you can cool off during hot summer days with thrilling water rides.

Rank City Population
1 New Orleans 383,974
2 Baton Rouge 225,539
3 Shreveport 189,374
4 Metairie 140,590
5 Lafayette 122,469
6 Lake Charles 83,444
7 Kenner 66,411
8 Bossier City 63,168
9 Monroe 48,105
10 Alexandria 45,736
11 Prairieville 34,118
12 Houma 33,461
13 Marrero 31,928
14 Central 29,746
15 Laplace 29,129

Counties in Louisiana

The State of Louisiana consists of 64 counties. They are:

  1. Acadia Parish, Louisiana
  2. Allen Parish, Louisiana
  3. Ascension Parish, Louisiana
  4. Assumption Parish, Louisiana
  5. Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana
  6. Beauregard Parish, Louisiana
  7. Bienville Parish, Louisiana
  8. Bossier Parish, Louisiana
  9. Caddo Parish, Louisiana
  10. Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana
  11. Caldwell Parish, Louisiana
  12. Cameron Parish, Louisiana
  13. Catahoula Parish, Louisiana
  14. Claiborne Parish, Louisiana
  15. Concordia Parish, Louisiana
  16. DeSoto Parish, Louisiana
  17. East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana
  18. East Carroll Parish, Louisiana
  19. East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana
  20. Evangeline Parish, Louisiana
  21. Franklin Parish, Louisiana
  22. Grant Parish, Louisiana
  23. Iberia Parish, Louisiana
  24. Iberville Parish, Louisiana
  25. Jackson Parish, Louisiana
  26. Jefferson Parish, Louisiana
  27. Jefferson Davis Parish, Louisiana
  28. Lafayette Parish, Louisiana
  29. Lafourche Parish, Louisiana
  30. LaSalle Parish, Louisiana
  31. Lincoln Parish, Louisiana
  32. Livingston Parish, Louisiana
  33. Madison Parish, Louisiana
  34. Morehouse Parish, Louisiana
  35. Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana
  36. Orleans Parish, Louisiana
  37. Ouachita Parish, Louisiana
  38. Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana
  39. Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana
  40. Rapides Parish, Louisiana
  41. Red River Parish, Louisiana
  42. Richland Parish, Louisiana
  43. Sabine Parish, Louisiana
  44. Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana
  45. Saint Charles Parish, Louisiana
  46. Saint Helena Parish, Louisiana
  47. Saint James Parish, Louisiana
  48. Saint John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana
  49. Saint Landry Parish, Louisiana
  50. Saint Martin Parish, Louisiana
  51. Saint Mary Parish, Louisiana
  52. Saint Tammany Parish, Louisiana
  53. Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana
  54. Tensas Parish, Louisiana
  55. Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana[21]
  56. Union Parish, Louisiana
  57. Vermilion Parish, Louisiana
  58. Vernon Parish, Louisiana
  59. Washington Parish, Louisiana
  60. Webster Parish, Louisiana
  61. West Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana
  62. West Carroll Parish, Louisiana
  63. West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana
  64. Winn Parish, Louisiana