Georgia (GA)

GEORGIA STATE FLAG

The largest of the U.S. states east of the Mississippi River and the youngest of the 13 former English colonies, Georgia was founded in 1732, when its borders were even wider — including many of today’s states of Alabama and Mississippi.

By the mid-1800s, Georgia had the largest number of plantations of any state in the South, and in many ways epitomized plantation culture and its economic dependence on slavery.

In 1864, Union General William Tecumseh Sherman invaded Georgia, captured Atlanta, and began his infamous March to the Sea, cutting a 200-mile swath of fire and destruction that stretched all the way to Savannah.

Georgia’s landscape varies greatly, as it stretches from the Appalachians in the north to the Atlantic Coast swamps in the southeast to the Okefenokee Swamp in the south.

Geography

Located in the southeastern region of the United States, Georgia is bordered by Alabama to the west, Tennessee to the north, North Carolina and South Carolina to the east, and Florida to the south. The state covers an area of about 59,441 square miles and is home to over 10 million people.

Georgia’s geography is divided into four distinct regions: the Blue Ridge Mountains in the northeast corner of the state; the Piedmont Plateau, located in central Georgia; The Coastal Plain region which extends from central Georgia to its southern coast; and The Appalachian Plateau located in northwest Georgia.

The Blue Ridge Mountains are a part of a larger mountain system that runs through much of North America. This mountain range has some of Georgia’s highest peaks including Brasstown Bald at 4,784 feet tall. These mountains are covered with dense forests and are home to many species of plants and animals. The Blue Ridge Mountains also provide water for many rivers that flow through northern Georgia including the Chattahoochee River which is one of its most important sources for hydroelectric power.

The Piedmont Plateau occupies much of central Georgia and consists mainly of rolling hills with occasional flatlands. This region was once covered by shallow seas during prehistoric times but now it is mostly agricultural land with some urban areas concentrated around Atlanta. The Piedmont Plateau also contains numerous lakes such as Lake Lanier which provides water for much of northern Georgia.

The Coastal Plain region extends from central Georgia down to its southern coast along both sides of the Savannah River. This area has some low-lying areas known as “blackland prairies” due to their dark soil color caused by centuries-old decomposing vegetation matter on topsoil layers that have been baked by centuries-old sunlight exposure. In this area there are numerous swamps and marshes as well as coastal islands known as barrier islands which protect mainland areas from storms coming off Atlantic Ocean waters nearby.

The Appalachian Plateau occupies northwest Georgia near Chattanooga, Tennessee where it borders Alabama and North Carolina states along Lookout Mountain ridge lines that run through this region’s valleys and hillsides making up part of Appalachia’s mountain chain network extending across much eastern United States areas into Canada’s Maritime Provinces further northwardly past New York State boundaries toward Maine’s northernmost portion near Canada’s border line there too..

Overall, Georgia has a diverse geography featuring mountains, plateaus, plains, prairies, swamps, marshes, rivers and coasts all within its boundaries—each providing unique landscapes for exploration throughout most parts across its entire state territory making it an appealing place for travelers wanting an escape into natural wonders while visiting or living here too.

Cities in Georgia

Below are the top 15 cities by population in Georgia.

Atlanta is the capital and largest city in Georgia, and it is one of the most populous cities in the southeastern United States. It is known for its rich culture, vibrant music scene, and world-class attractions. The city also has a thriving economy and is home to numerous Fortune 500 companies. Atlanta’s downtown area boasts a wide array of top-notch restaurants, bars, clubs, and entertainment venues. The city is also home to many historic landmarks, including the World of Coca-Cola museum, the Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park, and the Atlanta History Center.

Savannah is another major city in Georgia that offers visitors plenty of cultural attractions. Located on the eastern coast of Georgia near South Carolina border, Savannah has been dubbed “America’s most beautiful city” due to its gorgeous architecture and lush green spaces. The historic district of Savannah features cobblestone streets lined with antebellum mansions as well as numerous parks and squares filled with live oak trees draped in Spanish moss. Visitors can explore the many art galleries or take a stroll down River Street for unique shopping opportunities. Another popular attraction in Savannah is Bonaventure Cemetery which includes several famous tombs such as that of Johnny Mercer and Conrad Aiken.

Rank City Population
1 Atlanta 492,204
2 Augusta-Richmond County 205,772
3 Columbus 204,366
4 Macon-Bibb County 156,711
5 Savannah 147,930
6 Athens-Clarke County 128,195
7 Sandy Springs 106,605
8 South Fulton 105,551
9 Roswell 92,688
10 Johns Creek 82,068
11 Warner Robins 79,589
12 Albany 70,748
13 Alpharetta 65,187
14 Marietta 60,962
15 Stonecrest 58,602

Counties in Georgia

The State of Georgia consists of 159 counties. They are:

  1. Appling County, Georgia
  2. Atkinson County, Georgia
  3. Bacon County, Georgia
  4. Baker County, Georgia
  5. Baldwin County, Georgia
  6. Banks County, Georgia
  7. Barrow County, Georgia
  8. Bartow County, Georgia
  9. Ben Hill County, Georgia
  10. Berrien County, Georgia
  11. Bibb County, Georgia
  12. Bleckley County, Georgia
  13. Brantley County, Georgia
  14. Brooks County, Georgia
  15. Bryan County, Georgia
  16. Bulloch County, Georgia
  17. Burke County, Georgia
  18. Butts County, Georgia
  19. Calhoun County, Georgia
  20. Camden County, Georgia
  21. Candler County, Georgia
  22. Carroll County, Georgia
  23. Catoosa County, Georgia
  24. Charlton County, Georgia
  25. Chatham County, Georgia
  26. Chattahoochee County, Georgia
  27. Chattooga County, Georgia
  28. Cherokee County, Georgia
  29. Clarke County, Georgia
  30. Clay County, Georgia
  31. Clayton County, Georgia
  32. Clinch County, Georgia
  33. Cobb County, Georgia
  34. Coffee County, Georgia
  35. Colquitt County, Georgia
  36. Columbia County, Georgia
  37. Cook County, Georgia
  38. Coweta County, Georgia
  39. Crawford County, Georgia
  40. Crisp County, Georgia
  41. Dade County, Georgia
  42. Dawson County, Georgia
  43. Decatur County, Georgia
  44. DeKalb County, Georgia
  45. Dodge County, Georgia
  46. Dooly County, Georgia
  47. Dougherty County, Georgia
  48. Douglas County, Georgia
  49. Early County, Georgia
  50. Echols County, Georgia
  51. Effingham County, Georgia
  52. Elbert County, Georgia
  53. Emanuel County, Georgia
  54. Evans County, Georgia
  55. Fannin County, Georgia
  56. Fayette County, Georgia
  57. Floyd County, Georgia
  58. Forsyth County, Georgia
  59. Franklin County, Georgia
  60. Fulton County, Georgia
  61. Gilmer County, Georgia
  62. Glascock County, Georgia
  63. Glynn County, Georgia
  64. Gordon County, Georgia
  65. Grady County, Georgia
  66. Greene County, Georgia
  67. Gwinnett County, Georgia
  68. Habersham County, Georgia
  69. Hall County, Georgia
  70. Hancock County, Georgia
  71. Haralson County, Georgia
  72. Harris County, Georgia
  73. Hart County, Georgia
  74. Heard County, Georgia
  75. Henry County, Georgia
  76. Houston County, Georgia
  77. Irwin County, Georgia
  78. Jackson County, Georgia
  79. Jasper County, Georgia
  80. Jeff Davis County, Georgia
  81. Jefferson County, Georgia
  82. Jenkins County, Georgia
  83. Johnson County, Georgia
  84. Jones County, Georgia
  85. Lamar County, Georgia
  86. Lanier County, Georgia
  87. Laurens County, Georgia
  88. Lee County, Georgia
  89. Liberty County, Georgia
  90. Lincoln County, Georgia
  91. Long County, Georgia
  92. Lowndes County, Georgia
  93. Lumpkin County, Georgia
  94. Macon County, Georgia
  95. Madison County, Georgia
  96. Marion County, Georgia
  97. McDuffie County, Georgia
  98. McIntosh County, Georgia
  99. Meriwether County, Georgia
  100. Miller County, Georgia
  101. Mitchell County, Georgia
  102. Monroe County, Georgia
  103. Montgomery County, Georgia
  104. Morgan County, Georgia
  105. Murray County, Georgia
  106. Muscogee County, Georgia
  107. Newton County, Georgia
  108. Oconee County, Georgia
  109. Oglethorpe County, Georgia
  110. Paulding County, Georgia
  111. Peach County, Georgia
  112. Pickens County, Georgia
  113. Pierce County, Georgia
  114. Pike County, Georgia
  115. Polk County, Georgia
  116. Pulaski County, Georgia
  117. Putnam County, Georgia
  118. Quitman County, Georgia
  119. Rabun County, Georgia
  120. Randolph County, Georgia
  121. Richmond County, Georgia
  122. Rockdale County, Georgia
  123. Schley County, Georgia
  124. Screven County, Georgia
  125. Seminole County, Georgia
  126. Spalding County, Georgia
  127. Stephens County, Georgia
  128. Stewart County, Georgia
  129. Sumter County, Georgia
  130. Talbot County, Georgia
  131. Taliaferro County, Georgia
  132. Tattnall County, Georgia
  133. Taylor County, Georgia
  134. Telfair County, Georgia
  135. Terrell County, Georgia
  136. Thomas County, Georgia
  137. Tift County, Georgia
  138. Toombs County, Georgia
  139. Towns County, Georgia
  140. Treutlen County, Georgia
  141. Troup County, Georgia
  142. Turner County, Georgia
  143. Twiggs County, Georgia
  144. Union County, Georgia
  145. Upson County, Georgia
  146. Walker County, Georgia
  147. Walton County, Georgia
  148. Ware County, Georgia
  149. Warren County, Georgia
  150. Washington County, Georgia
  151. Wayne County, Georgia
  152. Webster County, Georgia
  153. Wheeler County, Georgia
  154. White County, Georgia
  155. Whitfield County, Georgia
  156. Wilcox County, Georgia
  157. Wilkes County, Georgia
  158. Wilkinson County, Georgia
  159. Worth County, Georgia

GEORGIA STATE FLAG