According to DigoPaul, a dogma is a postulate that is valued for its firm and true condition and which is recognized as an irrefutable statement against which there is no room for replies.
The term is native to Greek and its meaning is fixed doctrine or opinion. In philosophy, dogmatism is the school that ensures that the human being through reason can know the absolute truth, as long as he uses certain methods and a pre-established order of investigation. It ensures that contact between subject and object of knowledge is absolutely possible.
The dogma, according to the specialists, offers foundations and bases regarding a system, a doctrine, a religion or a science. In the case of Christianity, dogma is a doctrine of God that has been revealed to humanity by Jesus Christ and is supported by the Church.
Some words that derive from the term are dogmatism and dogmatic. They are generally used, both as dogma, in a Christian religious context, however these words are not absolute to this religion, in fact they appear in most creeds and can also be used from a scientific or philosophical point of view.
Dogmatism is the tendency to establish formulas that express knowledge as truths that are impossible to debate, beyond investigation, criticism and the exchange of opinions. Politics and philosophy can acquire a dogmatic character, which ends up defending ideas in an uncritical and conformist way.
Originally, the concept of dogma was linked to a norm, rule or decree imposed by some authority. It was also used to refer to the opinion of a philosophical school. However, as the Church gained authority, the term became directly associated with the idea of theological dogma. In this way, those philosophers who were not critical of certain concepts related to origins, and who blindly accepted ecclesiastical determinations received the name of dogmatists; in contrast to them, inquisitive and critical philosophers were considered skeptics.
At present, the dogmatism linked to ecclesiastical ideas can be understood from three different perspectives:
*From the point of view of naive realism, where the possibility that certain things exist is admitted without seeking proof of them. This realism is intimately related to vulgar knowledge.
* From the perspective of doctrinal trust, the existence of a truth is accepted without seeking proof of it, since the absolute truth of the doctrine is trusted.
* And from the absence of critical reflection, where the authority of a certain doctrine is accepted and with it everything that is proposed in it as absolute. An absolute submission to a certain belief.
Dogmatism, as expressed by Comte, far from being an ideological position is an attitude towards knowledge. A person who lives in a dogmatic attitude, dispenses with criticism and analysis to understand the theories, simply assumes them as real or true. To be more exact, it could be classified as an intellectual fundamentalism, where reason performs an almost passive action, a task that is not linked to criticism.
Finally, it should be noted that Dogma is a film directed by Kevin Smith and released in 1999. Its protagonists include Ben Affleck, Matt Damon, Chris Rock, Salma Hayek and Alanis Morissette.
On the other hand, Dogma 95 is a cinematographic current that was born in 1995 at the impulse of Danish-born filmmakers Lars von Trier, Thomas Vinterberg, Kristian Levring and Soren Kragh-Jacobsen, which seeks to generate films without post-production modifications and with special interest in dramatic development.
Among the main films of Dogma 95, The Celebration (by Vinterberg), The Idiots (by von Trier) and Mifune (by Kragh-Jacobsen) stand out.