The term department comes from the French departement. In its broadest sense, the word refers to each of the parts into which a territory, a building, a company, an institution or another thing or entity is divided.
In various countries, such as Argentina and Chile, a department is a dwelling or a flat. In these cases, it is the set of rooms that constitute an independent address within a building of various heights. In Spain, for example, the term used in these cases is apartment, more consistent with its Latin root, which has been adopted by apparently very different languages, such as English (with the term “apartment”).
An apartment is a type of dwelling.
Advantages of an apartment
The main advantage of the departments or apartments is the use they make of the physical space, since they are built vertically and not horizontally. For the same reason, they are usually smaller than houses, but also cheaper. However, the price usually depends more on the area of the property than on the type; In many major cities, a small flat costs the same or more than a large house with a garden on the outskirts.
A building can be made up of tens or hundreds of apartments. In turn, there are apartments with a single room (a single room) and others with two, three or more rooms, which allows them to house a greater number of people. Regardless of the number of rooms and the size of an apartment, the rental agreements establish the maximum number of tenants that will have the right to inhabit it; Failure to comply with said clause entails a sanction or immediate eviction.
A department is also, in different American countries and other parts of the world, a territorial division that is subject to an administrative authority.
This concept is similar to that of province; They are forms that a national State has to organize its territory.
A department can be a territorial division: the regions of France, for example, are divided into departments.
Department as part of an entity
In the United States, department is synonymous with a ministry or branch of Public Administration. In this way, each department is an office or division that is in charge of a relevant matter for the country.
With regard to the subdivisions of a company or entity, the organization in departments occurs in all large companies and also in educational centers; For example, a university department is a teaching and research division that belongs to a Faculty and is made up of one or more chairs with similar interests. The advantages of this grouping of personnel with common objectives are many and very difficult to deny, given that it streamlines and speeds up the work, preventing (in an ideal case) the overload of tasks for the same person.
Despite the fact that this way of working is very old, revolutionary ventures usually start with a very poor organization, especially due to the lack of people who master the notions or skills necessary to be part of a project. When a product is created that is different from anything known, it is generally based on a knowledge that is common to many people, but it is approached in an authentic, non-conventional way, and a series of concepts of a radical nature are born that neither the creator himself knows how to dominate.
This specifically happened not so many years ago with the development of video games; Taking pre-existing concepts and principles, such as programming and mathematics, an absolutely revolutionary form of entertainment was created with possibilities that still seem inexhaustible today, more than three decades later. For a long time, the groups of developers worked in a disorganized way, allowing each member to contribute what they could or wanted, without clearly distinguishing between programmers, designers, graphics and musicians, among other departments that are currently respected in large companies.