Alabama (AL)


Alabama, the 22nd state to join the union in 1819, is located in the southern United States and is nicknamed the “Heart of Dixie.” The region that became Alabama was already occupied by Aboriginal people some 10,000 years ago.

Europeans reached the area in the 16th century. During the first half of the 19th century, cotton and slave labor were central to Alabama’s economy. The state played a key role in the American Civil War; the capital, Montgomery, was the first capital of the Confederacy.

After the war, much of the South was segregated between whites and blacks. In the mid-20th century, Alabama was the center of the American civil rights movement and home to such pivotal events as the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

In the early 21st century, the state’s economy was fueled in part by jobs in the aerospace, agriculture, auto manufacturing, and service industries.


Alabama is a U.S. state located in the southeastern region of the country, bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. It covers an area of 52,423 square miles, making it the 30th largest state in terms of land mass. Alabama is composed of several distinct geographical regions that each have their own unique characteristics.

The Appalachian Mountains run through northern Alabama and are home to some of its most rugged terrain. This region features steep slopes and dense forests that are home to a variety of wildlife species such as black bears, deer, and wild turkeys. The highest point in Alabama is Cheaha Mountain which stands at 2,407 feet above sea level.

To the south lies a lowland plain known as the Black Belt Region due to its dark soil composition which makes it ideal for growing cotton. This area also has some rolling hills and is home to many small farms as well as larger cities such as Montgomery and Selma.

The Gulf Coastal Plain stretches along Alabama’s coastline from Mobile Bay in the west to Perdido Bay in the east. This region is characterized by sandy beaches and barrier islands with white sand beaches along with marshlands and tidal flats which are home to a variety of wildlife species including alligators and migratory birds such as sandpipers and pelicans.

The Piedmont Plateau is situated between these two coastal plains in central Alabama where it rises from sea level up into higher elevations around Birmingham. This region features rolling hills with many rivers cutting through them such as Cahaba River which forms part of Alabama’s border with Georgia near Birmingham.

Finally, there is also an area known as The Shoals which includes parts of northwestern Alabama around Florence where there are several large reservoirs formed by dams on major rivers like Tennessee River that provide hydroelectric power for much of northern Alabama.

Overall, Alabama has a diverse landscape ranging from rugged mountains in its northern regions down through rolling hills in its central areas all along its coastline on both sides featuring white sand beaches with marshlands full of wildlife making it an interesting place for outdoor activities throughout its different regions year-round.

Cities in Alabama

Below are the top 15 cities by population in Alabama.

Birmingham, Alabama is the largest city in the state and is known for its industrial heritage. It is home to several museums and attractions, such as the Birmingham Museum of Art, the Birmingham Zoo, and Vulcan Park. The city also has a vibrant nightlife scene with numerous bars and restaurants. Birmingham is also a great destination for outdoor activities like hiking at Red Mountain Park or exploring Ruffner Mountain Nature Preserve.

Montgomery, Alabama’s capital city, is rich in history. It was once the capital of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War. Today Montgomery is home to several historical sites like The First White House of the Confederacy and The Rosa Parks Museum. It’s also known for its beautiful riverfront area where you can find several parks and trails for outdoor recreation. Montgomery offers an exciting nightlife with many live music venues as well as unique restaurants offering delicious cuisine from around the world.

Mobile, Alabama is located on Mobile Bay near the Gulf Coast and has a long maritime history that dates back to colonial times. It’s known for its seafood restaurants and annual Mardi Gras celebration that attracts thousands of visitors every year. Mobile is also home to Fort Gaines Historic Site which offers a glimpse into life during colonial times as well as USS Alabama Battleship Memorial Park which showcases an impressive collection of World War II-era ships including an aircraft carrier and submarine. Outdoor enthusiasts can explore Mobile’s coastal wetlands or take part in water activities like kayaking on Mobile Bay or fishing in nearby rivers and lakes

Rank City Population
1 Huntsville 210,081
2 Birmingham 202,234
3 Montgomery 201,022
4 Mobile 187,445
5 Tuscaloosa 99,252
6 Hoover 91,371
7 Auburn 74,637
8 Dothan 70,318
9 Decatur 57,303
10 Madison 55,551
11 Florence 39,709
12 Vestavia Hills 38,504
13 Phenix City 38,216
14 Prattville 37,977
15 Gadsden 34,317

Counties in Alabama

The State of Alabama consists of 67 counties. They are:

  1. Autauga County, Alabama
  2. Baldwin County, Alabama
  3. Barbour County, Alabama
  4. Bibb County, Alabama
  5. Blount County, Alabama
  6. Bullock County, Alabama
  7. Butler County, Alabama
  8. Calhoun County, Alabama
  9. Chambers County, Alabama
  10. Cherokee County, Alabama
  11. Chilton County, Alabama
  12. Choctaw County, Alabama
  13. Clarke County, Alabama
  14. Clay County, Alabama
  15. Cleburne County, Alabama
  16. Coffee County, Alabama
  17. Colbert County, Alabama
  18. Conecuh County, Alabama
  19. Coosa County, Alabama
  20. Covington County, Alabama
  21. Crenshaw County, Alabama
  22. Cullman County, Alabama
  23. Dale County, Alabama
  24. Dallas County, Alabama
  25. DeKalb County, Alabama
  26. Elmore County, Alabama
  27. Escambia County, Alabama
  28. Etowah County, Alabama
  29. Fayette County, Alabama
  30. Franklin County, Alabama
  31. Geneva County, Alabama
  32. Greene County, Alabama
  33. Hale County, Alabama
  34. Henry County, Alabama
  35. Houston County, Alabama
  36. Jackson County, Alabama
  37. Jefferson County, Alabama
  38. Lamar County, Alabama
  39. Lauderdale County, Alabama
  40. Lawrence County, Alabama
  41. Lee County, Alabama
  42. Limestone County, Alabama
  43. Lowndes County, Alabama
  44. Macon County, Alabama
  45. Madison County, Alabama
  46. Marengo County, Alabama
  47. Marion County, Alabama
  48. Marshall County, Alabama
  49. Mobile County, Alabama
  50. Monroe County, Alabama
  51. Montgomery County, Alabama
  52. Morgan County, Alabama
  53. Perry County, Alabama
  54. Pickens County, Alabama
  55. Pike County, Alabama
  56. Randolph County, Alabama
  57. Russell County, Alabama
  58. Saint Clair County, Alabama
  59. Shelby County, Alabama
  60. Sumter County, Alabama
  61. Talladega County, Alabama
  62. Tallapoosa County, Alabama
  63. Tuscaloosa County, Alabama
  64. Walker County, Alabama
  65. Washington County, Alabama
  66. Wilcox County, Alabama
  67. Winston County, Alabama