According to abbreviationfinder, TIFF stands for Tagged-Image File Format. It is a flexible bitmap image format that is generally accepted by all painting, image editing, and page layout applications. The flexible bitmapimage format, compatible with operating systems such as Windows, Linux, Mac, developed by Aldus Corporation, a company currently owned by Adobe. It is recognized by many graphic editing and retouching programs, such as PaintShopPro, Adobe, Quark, and CorelDRAW among others.
It is used to exchange files between applications and computer platforms, the images in this format can have a maximum size of 4 GB. Photoshop CS supports large documents saved in the TIFF format. However, many of the early versions of this application do not support documents larger than 2GB.
It is one of the best formats for storing and exchanging data in raster format between computers. It accepts CMYK, RGB, Lab, indexed color and grayscale images with alpha channels, and bitmap mode images without alpha channels. Photoshop can save layers to a TIFF file; however, if you open the file in another application, only the flattened image will be visible. You can also save annotations, transparencies, and multi-resolution pyramid data in TIFF format.
The user can indicate new attributes (tags) in an image, making it impossible to correctly interpret the data by another image reading system, it also requires a great computational effort to decode the data.
It is used to scan an image, since the file will be handled directly on the PC, and it can also be used for printing, obtaining the highest possible resolution.
The TIFF format is being discontinued in some professional cameras, because when processing a photo with so much information, it is difficult to move and view it. Also, it takes up more space on the camera’s memory card, which is why the JPEG format is generally used to store photos in files.
JPEG. The most popular and widely used photo file format, mainly due to the versatility and possibilities of allowing files to be made up to 10 times smaller than formats such as RAW or TIFF. That is why every digital camera has the option to save in JPG, and every editing program allows you to convert photos to it. By saving files in JPG, the camera reduces the amount of original colors in the captured image to a smaller palette. The effect is exactly the same if the photo is taken in another format and then converted using an editing program.
Before the need for web design, development, programming, usability arose, graphic designers insisted that the greater the weight of the image, for example 300 KB, the better the resolution and printing of the image.
Then, the need arises to make a transition from printed design to design on the web, and one of the surprises is that those gigantic images that were printed in full color, on the web needed to be compressed and reduced in weight, so that they easily load.
It is in this compression action, where the JPEG format plays an important role, because it allows you to graduate the compression level of each of the images in this way you can decide between a low quality image, which implies a smaller file size or an image with high quality, which represents a greater weight.
The compression system that JPEG uses is based on reducing information by averaging it in the gradient areas.
In other words, the color value of some pixels is calculated based on the color of the pixels that surround them. Due to these characteristics, this format is very efficient when it comes to storing images that have many gradients and color nuances.
Although it should also be noted that it is almost useless when you want to save drawings with large expanses of flat and uniform colors or with very sharp edges in this format, it is definitely not recommended.
- Easy to handle.
- Image quality.
- Be able to adjust the degree of compression.
- It can handle many colors.
There are other formats such as: GIF, PNG, TIFF among others, with features that could help, depending on the project being carried out.