In almost every German municipality LED street lights are now in use – partly new, partly as a converted traditional “lanterns”. Both is not cheap and often not alone pay the municipality. When and which part of the cost you must contribute as residents, among other matters, in which state you live, your community is how generous and what will be exactly converted or changed.
Old and new street lighting: Left a mast with yellow reddish bright sodium vapor lighting head, right on to umgerüsteter a clearly “cooler” luminous Philips LED attachment.
The debates rage already since the first street light with semiconductor technology rather than with conventional high pressure vapor lamps were fitted years on multiple levels – roughly since the time when the:
- Worth the investment in LED street lights in the long term? The LEDs keep there really long enough to recoup their extra costs through power saving – but manyhave prematurely breakdown?
- And who should pay for the expensive new purchases or LED conversions: the town single-handedly, with federal or State grants, or with the help of the owner of those lands of that lie on the LED lit Street?
It is not in the “development posts”
On the first question, you get very different responses across’s Federal territory – in many cases they are already obsolete but in the next few years by EU regulations. For some sodium lamps may since April 2015 and almost all Mercury vapor lamps are no longer marketed; with the entry into force of the third stage of the EU Ökodesignverordnung 245/2009 13 April 2017, this applies also for the very efficient NAV/HPS lamps.According to thereligionfaqs, A ban is not; though Replacement purchases are however in the medium term hardly possible for broken bulbs and a complete conversion to modern LED technology therefore at some point inevitable.
No discussion there is also for the lighting of newly constructed public streets and plazas. There, property owners must anyway pay development contributions, based on the recoverable costs and the nature of the institution (about growing Street, walk, collecting road, parking area or Park). And because there is now almost always LED technology is used, the municipality can refinance already from the outset the step into modernity in part with the help of investors.
“Development posts”: 13 countries have it, three do not (more)
But it is much more exciting when the retrofitting of existing lighting systems(pictured left an ensemble with mercury and sodium vapor light heads). Because here there is the use of LED street lightsin 13 federal States every now and then dispute between local authorities and residents about the “development posts”in the local tax laws and their interpretation.
Peace on this front only in Baden-Württemberg, Berlin, and recently also in Hamburg, where the “way” now also more Act grants no expansion posts for enhancements and improvements of existing facilities. No matter what the municipalities in these three provinces on your road rebuild or retool: you have to pay no equity share as property owners – end of discussion.
What is a legally accepted “improvement”?
Everywhere else it is wildly messed up: once a municipal Fund pays LED conversion alone, times it requires a development contribution of the residents. Depending on the art of the street, makes the between 15 and 75 percent of the cost – often already three-digit amounts, which can certainly hurt per plot. Depending on you get what Municipal Council, which local governmentwhich District Office or its legal supervision and which court they ask very different views.
The sticking point is mostly interpreting the requirement of an ‘improvement’, which is decisive for a survey of the contributions. If, for example, a sodium metal halide lamp head on an existing mast is replaced with a LED attachment (Example photo on right), that is a technical improvement that benefit the community over the medium to long term.
As this but generally little to the basic lighting situation for the residents change, applies this renewal legally not necessarily an improvement. In the event of a dispute that must for each conversion be individually researched and decided result uncertain. A few slightly modified lumen-, k-, beam angle- or Ra values, a court is certainly did not impress – also not by an automatic brightness control. Exception: Existing lighting is already at least 25 or 30 years of operation; then, such a measure is mostly contributions.
Complete light poles have to with be paid
Development contributions may or must also require a municipality if Complete light poles with LED technology be rearranged, or moved. Then the courts call this as an “Improvement” – irrespective of, whether the individual land owner of it has a subjective or objective benefit. Some even complain that’s too bright or too “cold” lights you after a complete LED conversion prior to and in the lodge. They still must pay.
For the determination of the neighboring posts the total cost of the municipality considered way, in principle for the conversion, even if she gets grants from a State orfederal funding program. Whether it should take into account this money at all as post-reducing, depends on the requirements of the respective type of grants.
There are theoretically free LED street lights
In extreme cases, a municipality so could fund a renewal of its street lights almost neutral in budgetary terms if 60 percent of the costs and the remaining 40% of the State to bear, for example, the residents. The lower after conversion current – and bulb replacement costs would naturally also fully benefit – of which unfortunately not directly benefit the neighboring municipality.
Mostly alone the labour costs incurred for the easy conversion of existing plants – if so, only the luminaire heads replace Gemeinde(werks)-Mitarbeiter are eligible or not umlage – (on top of the conversion of a street lamp opposite our House Philips “Luma Micro”). But these hourly rates are almost “peanuts” in the relationship because it can – be done per lamp by two people in ten to 15 minutes including new wiring in the mast.